The sport, also known as Carom Billiards, originated by the British army posted in Madras in the 19th century. It is played on a cushioned fitted rectangular table with 22 colorful balls and a stick. The rectangular table has pockets in each corner, including on two long sides of the table. The player hits a white ball called “cue ball” and targets each ball in sequence to pockets. The term “snooker” refers to a position of hitting a cue ball according to the rules that are placed against the reach of the player. The Billiards Association and Control Club were established in 1919, and it is now governed by the World Professional Billiards and Snooker Association ( WPBSA ).